U.S. History creates Higher Ed History
Ϫ The switch from the English curricular system to the German system was born out of several forces outside of the realm of education including the Industrial Revolution and the political/philosophical shift to a governance that believed all men were created equal.
Ϫ The switch from in loco parentis to student advocacy, independence and autonomy was born out of the social unrest of the 1960’s. Young people were involved in controversial events that exposed them to their rights under US law (due process, innocent until proven guilty, fair and just trials, confidentiality) and in turn they demanded the same rights at their colleges.
Ϫ A combination of the recent economic downturn and events surrounding the September 11th terrorist attacks have lead to a huge decrease in the number of international students seeking to study at American universities.
Ϫ As the philosophical values of social justice and equality continue to seek deeper into the mission and values of American higher education, the need to address issues of oppression and combat the inequalities that it creates among various student populations will continue to grow.
From my history research paper: Here are some examples of how historical events greatly affected the Greek system. To read the entire paper look under the Data section of this post.
Ϫ After World War II, the GI Bill provided a large number of veterans with the opportunity to attend colleges throughout the United States and thrust a new image of gloried hazing into fraternities. Veterans were eager to rekindle the brotherhood and camaraderie they had experienced in the military and joined fraternities in record numbers.
Ϫ During the Vietnam War, college students became more politically active and began disassociating themselves with groups tied to the establishment and status quo (Nuwer, 1999). Fraternities were often perceived as pro-establishment given their predominately, white, upper-class membership and were therefore deemed “unhip”.